Cosmetics sales in China have been experiencing significant growth in recent years, with Chinese consumers splurging on lipstick, perfume, moisturizers, and other personal care products. However, foreign cosmetics companies from France, Japan, South Korea, and the United States are facing restrictions that hinder their access to this lucrative market.
China has imposed regulations on foreign manufacturers during the pandemic, causing imports of cosmetics to decline. One of the key requirements is that companies must disclose all ingredients and their quantities, as well as provide the addresses of ingredient suppliers and assembly locations. This information poses a risk of product copying by low-cost Chinese manufacturers, which hampers business for foreign companies.
Another controversial mandate is the animal testing requirement for certain products in order to be sold in China. Many global cosmetics companies have stopped conducting animal testing, but China still requires such tests for “special cosmetics” like hair dye or sunscreen. This practice has faced criticism from advocacy groups and has been a barrier for foreign companies.
Led by France, the European Union and 11 cosmetics-exporting nations are urging China to repeal these requirements. France’s finance minister, Bruno Le Maire, highlighted the economic significance, as China represents a significant portion of revenue for French companies. Efforts have been made to establish common standards and resolve the dispute, but there is no guarantee of a successful outcome.
China is the second-largest beauty market globally, after the United States. However, doing business in China has traditionally been challenging for foreign companies. In the past, animal testing was mandatory for most cosmetics, causing brands either to comply with the tests or retreat from the Chinese market.
While China dropped the animal testing requirements for many products made domestically and some imported cosmetics, it still remains a necessity for certain categories. The international beauty and personal care industry supports efforts to reduce animal testing in China, and companies like Unilever are actively working with authorities to phase out the practice.
Recent statistics reveal a decline in market share for foreign cosmetics companies in China, despite the overall growth in cosmetics sales. Domestic companies in China are benefitting from these restrictions and seeing strong sales growth.
In conclusion, the booming cosmetics market in China presents significant opportunities for domestic companies. However, foreign cosmetics companies are facing challenges due to regulations surrounding ingredient disclosure and animal testing. Efforts are being made to address these issues and create common standards, but the final outcome remains uncertain.
– Article: The New York Times
– Image: Shutterstock