Hamas, the prominent Palestinian political and military organization, has significantly influenced the ongoing Israeli-Palestinian conflict since its formation in 1987. With a firm belief in establishing an independent Palestinian state, Hamas has consistently advocated for Jerusalem to be its rightful capital. However, the exact boundaries of the land that Hamas desires are multifaceted, resulting in diverse interpretations and viewpoints.
Hamas maintains the position that the Palestinian people have a historical entitlement to the entirety of Palestine, which encompasses present-day Israel. Rejecting the legitimacy of Israel and its existence, they view the country as an occupying power on Palestinian soil. Consequently, Hamas seeks to establish a Palestinian state that includes the West Bank, Gaza Strip, and Israel – all encompassed within historic Palestine.
In their 1988 charter, Hamas declares the objective of liberating Palestine and creating an Islamic state, encompassing the region currently occupied by Israel, as well as the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. However, recent years have witnessed subtle flexibility from Hamas, with indications that they could potentially accept the establishment of a Palestinian state based on the pre-1967 borders. In this scenario, the state would comprise the West Bank and Gaza Strip, excluding Israel.
It is crucial to acknowledge that the Palestinian Authority, led by Fatah, holds distinct views that advocate a more moderate approach. Fatah supports a two-state solution based on the 1967 borders. This contrast in perspectives often creates tensions and divisions within the Palestinian political landscape.
Q: What is historic Palestine?
A: Historic Palestine defines the geographical region encompassing present-day Israel, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip. It holds immense historical and cultural significance for both Israelis and Palestinians.
Q: What are the pre-1967 borders?
A: The pre-1967 borders refer to the demarcation lines established following the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, before the Six-Day War in 1967. These borders often serve as a reference point for discussions regarding the formation of a Palestinian state.
Q: Is Hamas recognized as a legitimate political entity?
A: Hamas is considered a terrorist organization by multiple countries, including the United States, Israel, and the European Union. Nevertheless, it has gained political legitimacy through electoral victories in the Palestinian territories.
In summary, Hamas seeks to claim the entire historic Palestine as the desired territory, including present-day Israel. Although the organization maintains a resolute official stance, recent indications suggest a potential shift in accepting a Palestinian state based on the pre-1967 borders. The Israeli-Palestinian conflict remains a deeply intricate issue, marked by contrasting aspirations and perceptions among the stakeholders involved.