Wed. Dec 6th, 2023
    Could the UK’s Lag in Battery Production Dim the Future of its Electric Car Industry?

    The UK’s electric car industry could face a challenging future if the government fails to provide adequate support. The lack of investment in battery production has led MPs on parliament’s business committee to warn of a potential “gigafactory gap.” They believe that the UK must attract further investment in the next three years if it wants to avoid a decline in the car industry and the loss of numerous jobs.

    As the global car industry shifts towards electric vehicles to combat climate change, countries with large automotive sectors are concerned about falling behind. China, in particular, has heavily supported its battery car sector to secure global market share. In contrast, the UK currently has only one battery “gigafactory,” which is operated by the Chinese-owned AESC in Sunderland. While two more gigafactories are scheduled for construction, they will still leave the UK significantly short of the necessary capacity to meet demand in the future.

    The MPs’ report emphasizes the importance of government investment to support crucial parts and materials for battery production. This would enable the UK to maintain car manufacturing within the country, reducing reliance on imports from China, which currently dominates the global battery supply chain. The report highlights the need for subsidies, as well as lower energy costs and assistance in securing critical minerals.

    To prevent a potential relocation of the automotive industry to Europe or the US, the UK must act swiftly. Rivals have already offered subsidies, lower energy costs, trained workers, and support for securing critical minerals. By contrast, the UK has been lagging behind. Building a battery supply chain within the country would also provide strategic benefits, such as refining lithium and producing anodes and cathodes crucial to battery cells.

    The government’s upcoming autumn statement will detail a £2bn investment in the automotive industry over the next five years. Additionally, the government plans to publish an advanced manufacturing plan and a battery strategy. However, experts argue that more needs to be done to support the transition, including addressing battery capacity, energy costs, charging infrastructure, rules of origin, and consumer confidence.

    In conclusion, without urgent intervention and increased investment in battery production, the UK’s electric car industry could struggle to compete globally and face potential job losses. The government must prioritize supporting the development of a robust battery supply chain within the country to secure the industry’s future.


    1. What is a battery “gigafactory”?
    A battery “gigafactory” refers to a large-scale manufacturing facility that produces batteries, typically for electric vehicles, on a gigawatt-hour (GWh) scale.

    2. Why is the UK concerned about its battery production capacity?
    The UK is concerned that its limited battery production capacity could lead to a decline in the electric car industry, job losses, and increased reliance on imports from countries like China.

    3. How many gigafactories does the UK have?
    Currently, the UK has one operational gigafactory for battery production. Two more are planned, but they would still leave the UK far behind the necessary capacity to meet future demand.

    4. What support does the MPs’ report call for?
    The MPs’ report calls for government investment to support the production of crucial parts and materials for batteries, reducing reliance on imports and securing the industry within the UK.

    5. What are the potential consequences of inadequate battery production in the UK?
    Without increased investment, the UK’s electric car industry could struggle to compete globally, leading to potential job losses and a decline in the industry’s growth.